The Portuguese move in on the island's three kingdoms: Jaffna, Kandy and Kotte (near Colombo).
Portugal takes formal control of the island in 1597.
Kandy continues to hold out and turns to the Dutch for help.19th century The British make the island a Crown Colony in 1802 and call it Ceylon.
Despite the British promise to honour Kandy's independence, Kandy falls (1815) and the king is exiled to India.
• Tea from the highlands is a refreshing reminder of your stay.